Yellow Luteo F1 watermelon plant
F1 Luteo Yellow Watermelon plant in 10cm pot
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Yellow Watermelon Luteo F1 seedling in 10cm pot
Very original variety, with an early cycle, with oval fruits of small size, which reach a weight of about 3-4 kg.
It has light green skin with dark streaks. The pulp is yellow, very pleasant, sweet and juicy. Productive plant (3-6 fruits per plant), of medium vigour, which is also suitable for cultivation in greenhouses. The fruits ripen about 60-70 days after transplanting.
The ideal moment for harvesting is highlighted by observing the color of the peel which in ripe watermelons becomes lighter and opaque, while the peduncle shrinks, losing most of the hair.
HOW TO GROW BEST
EXPOSURE: Watermelon needs full sun exposure.
TEMPERATURE: Watermelon loves the heat, with ideal temperatures for growth between 24-30° during the day and 15-20° at night. When temperatures exceed 32° for several days, the flowers fall without bearing fruit. The plant goes under severe stress below 8° and can die at 0°, therefore it is essential to protect it with nylon or tnt in the earliest transplants. Temperatures below 16° in flowering limit the activity of the bees (like high winds) and can induce a delay in pollination.
SOIL: Watermelon is a very adaptable plant to different soils, preferring very fertile ones, rich in organic matter, well drained. It likes pH preferably between 5-6, but also grows well around pH 7. In clayey soils rich in potassium it usually reaches the highest quality levels. In preparing the soil it is important to work deeply (30-40 cm), which in medium-textured and strong soils is useful to bring forward to the autumn before cultivation, with the preparation of raised flower beds that facilitate the draining of the water. It is advisable to wait 4 years before transplanting watermelon (or other cucurbits) in the land where it was previously grown. It is essential to use the grafted plants if it is not possible to respect the correct rotation timing.
TRANSPLANTATION: Distances: the sixth recommended for the large classic varieties is 80-100 cm in the rows and 150-200 cm between the rows, while the mini Cometa and Luteo are transplanted at a distance of 50 cm in the row and 150 cm between the rows. Using grafted plants of large-fruited varieties and cultivating them in very fertile and well-fertilised soils, it is possible to transplant at a distance of 150 cm between rows and 300 cm between rows.
Period: the planting of the watermelon goes from the end of March (protected with nylon) to June. From mid-April to May is the most favorable period for transplanting in the plains, June in the high hills and mountains.
FERTILIZATION: Basic fertilization: watermelon takes considerable advantage of a very rich organic basic fertilization, with mature manure (or manure and chicken droppings or compost), possibly distributed in the autumn preceding cultivation. If you carry out the basic fertilization only near the planting, distribute an abundant quantity of organic substance in the hole (mature manure or manure, vinasse and compost or poultry manure) 2-3 weeks before transplanting, together with an NPK fertilizer rich in potassium (e.g. NPK 1-1-3 or 2-1-3, important in soils which usually produce not very tasty vegetables). In soils deficient in this element, potassium makes the fruit sweeter.
Cover fertilization: 3 weeks after the initial fertilization, it will be possible to intervene with NPK mineral fertilizer (1-3-1 if the plant grows vigorously, or 3-2-1 if the vegetation is stunted). During fruit enlargement, a couple of applications with a fertilizer rich in potassium (e.g. 1-1-3) will favor a good sugar content.
Emergency fertilization: it is important in cases where plant growth stops due to environmental stress or nutritional deficiencies. It consists of irrigating the plants with manure macerated in water (or macerated poultry manure), weekly, until the plants restart.
IRRIGATION: Watermelon needs regular watering throughout the cultivation cycle. It is always essential to avoid stagnation, allowing the soil to dry on the surface before any intervention. Usually it is irrigated 2-3 times a week: frequency and quantity vary according to the characteristics of the soil, the stage of development of the plants and the climatic trend.